Eid el Fitr 2024: Significance of Zakat ul Fitr And How It is Paid

TheTalk.NG journalist Ridwan Adeola Yusuf has over 9 years of experience covering public journalism and religious activities.

FCT, Abuja – In Islam, Zakat-ul-Fitr, also known as Sadaqat-ul-Fitr or Zakat-ul-Fitrah, is a form of alms-giving which the religion considers required of every able Muslim at the end of the holy month of Ramadan.

The purpose of Zakat-ul-Fitr — which is an obligatory sunna (Prophet Muhammad’s way of life and legal precedent) — is to enable poor people to celebrate Eid al-Fitr happily.

Zakat ul-Fitr is paid a couple of days before Eid-el-FitrZakat-ul-Fitr is compulsory upon every self-supporting adult Muslim who has food in excess of their needs, on behalf of themselves and their dependants. Photo credit: Maroot SudchindaSource: Getty Images

What are the significance of Zakat-ul-Fitr?

TheTalk.NG explains.

  1. Zakat-ul-Fitr: To “gratify” the poor

All Muslim scholars agree with the Prophet Muhammad’s statement to “gratify” the poor.

This makes the first two categories (the poor and the needy) specified for Zakat a priority, making them legitimate recipients of Zakat-ul-Fitr.

While you can give your entire Zakat to the poor, most scholars are against the practice of dividing a single payment among many recipients because it defeats the purpose. When the amount is too small, poor people who are struggling to feed themselves and their families will not be able to enjoy a good meal on Eid.

2. Zakat-ul-Fitr: Reminder about Allah’s blessings

Zakat-ul-Fitr reminds Muslims of the fact that whatever wealth they may possess is due to the blessings of Allah, and as such, it is to be spent according to His commands.

Ultimately, Zakat-ul-Fitr serves as a reminder to wealthy Muslims most especially that they have to share what they have in with those in need.

3. Zakat-ul-Fitr, an act of worship

Zakat is mandatory for all Muslims in most countries and is considered to be a form of worship.

Giving money to the poor is said to purify yearly earnings.

How is Zakat-ul-Fitr paid?

Zakat ul Fitr must be given before Eid prayer, prior to the end of the month of Ramadan. It can also be given on the day of Eid (i.e, Shawwal 1st).

Zakat-ul-Fitr is paid per person and is a fixed amount determined by Muslim legal scholars.

The amount for Zakat ul-Fitr varies depending on the region and the price of food. In most countries, it is equivalent to the cost of one meal or one kilogramme of rice or wheat. The amount is usually paid on behalf of every household member, including children and the elderly.

Zakat-ul-Fitr can be paid in cash or other ways, such as food or clothing.

In Nigeria, a reputable non-governmental organisation (NGO), Zakat and Sadaqat Foundation, recently shared the items, quantity, and price of payable Zakat ul-Fitr in the country.

The organisation enumerated the prices based on province. 10 Nigerian states were listed, with the majority of them southwest states. Check it out below:

Zakat ul Fitr

Read more on Eid-el-Fitr:

Sultan declares date for Eid-el-Fitr 2024

Earlier, TheTalk.NG reported that the Sultan of Sokoto, Sa’ad Abubakar, announced that the 2024 Eid-el-Fitri will be on Wednesday, April 10.

The Sultan, who doubled as the president general of the Nigeria Supreme Council of Islamic Affairs (NSCIA), disclosed that the reason was that the national moon sighting committee could not sight the new moon across the country.

Professor Sambo Junaidu, the chairman of the advisory committee on religious affairs of the sultanate council, said the council accepted the report of the moon sighting committee.

Source: TheTalk.NG


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